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Have you uncovered an old wood floor, or have you just added a new untreated floor and wonder how it should be treated? Opportunities are many - we help you clarify the concepts and choose the right option!
A traditional Scandinavian soap floor is undoubtedly very beautiful. Properly done, it is both resistant and easy to maintain. Soap scrubbed floors are an old traditional way of treating wooden floors that have done a comeback in recent years. The result will be a bright, warm and natural floor that feels soft under your feet.
There are several different floor treatments depending on the linseed soap to be used. We recommend a treatment with a strong basic soap intended for proper floor treatment (our articles 105-020 and 105-023). The floor should be saturated with the soap that will dry in. Then swab the floor with cold water. The soaked soap forms a solid gel layer in the surface texture of the wood. When mopping the floors with cold water, the floor gives off a small portion of the soap which acts as a detergent. This treatment lasts 3-5 years depending on wear and tear. The floor will brighten by time and floor made of spruce are always lighter than pine.
Advantage: Provides a very beautiful result and is resistant to stains. Easy to do yourself and to improve by time.
Disadvantage: Requires repeated treatments.
Oil penetrates the wood and impregnates it while maintaining the feeling of natural wood. However, the quality of different oil in the market varies, so it’s important to choose a good product. The oil treatment in our assortment is made from refined linseed oil and consists of 100% of oxidizing fatty acids. When the oil is polished into the floor with a fine sandpaper or polishing machine, the oil draws deep into the wood and the pores of the wood are filled, leaving a hard and dirt repellent surface that is comfortable to walk on. It is easy to improve the areas exposed to greater wear and tear.
Advantage: Very good resistance to stains. Relatively easy to do yourself, naturally and beautifully. Can be easily adjusted if required.
Disadvantage: Requires maintenance on the surfaces that are worn more to maintain the protection and so that the floor does not look dry.
There are many different floor wax products on the market. Many contain toxins and are not always that good either for humans or for the environment. We strongly recommend Allbäcks Linseed wax, which is free of chemicals, durable and affordable. Linseed wax gives a durable and water repellent surface that is easy to clean. The wax penetrates the wood while protecting the surface. You can easily maintain areas that are extra worn afterwards. Only one layer is required. Read more about how we treated our floor in the store using linseed wax.
Advantages: Quick and easy method that gives a durable surface. Linseed wax is environmentally friendly and has good resistance to water and dirt.
Disadvantages: Requires maintenance after approximately 3-7 years due to wear. Some substances can dissolve the wax, such as citric acid, vinegar and alcohol.
Varnish is a modern treatment that started to be common in the 60's. Varnish provides a durable surface that is resistant to both moisture and dirt since the lacquer acts as a protective layer on the floor surface. Before the floor is treated, it must be completely dust free to avoid any marks in the paint. The whole process is quite advanced and should be done by professionals. You can choose between glossy and matte finish. Most varnish treatments get dull after a while, but a popular treatment is to first stain the floor to the desired color and then put on a matt varnish that resembles oil treated floor to the appearance.
Advantages: Easy-to-clean surface that doesn’t dry out. Needs no maintenance in the near future (until the varnish begins to crackle).
Disadvantage: Many of today's varnishes are hazardous. Wet that penetrate the surface can cause stains that are difficult to get rid of. If you have had a lot of scratches in the varnish after some years, you can be forced to sand the entire floor.
Linseed oil paint
For a more drastic change of a wooden floor you can paint it. This was a common treatment method in the past. They often painted spruce and pine floors in different brown shades to create an appearance of more exclusive wood such as oak and mahogany. Another popular alternative was painting checkered patterns. The paint both protects, smooths out and hides flaws. For as sustainable results as possible, we recommend thin layers of linseed oil paint. The possibilities for a unique looking floor are endless and the results are easy to maintain. The floor will age beautifully, and you can easily fill in scratches as it occurs. Use linseed oil to polish the floor after 5-7 years to refresh the color and extend durability.
Advantages: A beautiful and efficient way to renew and protect the floor. Good resistance to stains, easy to clean. Aging naturally. '
Disadvantages: Three layers of paint should be applied, so this is the treatment method that is most time consuming.
Stain and chemical stripping
Staining the floor is the same as pigmenting it and is just like painting it a great way to hide flaws and marks in a worn floor. However, the stain does not protect the floor, so after it has dried you need to treat it with wax or varnish to protect the floor. There are also floor oils with ready-mixed stain.
Chemical stripping is used in cases where you do not want wood floors such as pine wood to turn yellow.. You simply remove the natural aging process of the wood. Chemical stripping is doubtful from the environmental and health perspective and the surface needs to be treated afterwards with soap, oil or wax.
A pressure damage caused by for example high-heeled shoes, is quite easy to fix! Just add a wet cloth to the damage, after a while the fibers rises again and the damage is no longer visible. This only works as long as the fibers are intact. Sharp objects that has cut off the wood fibers cause permanent damage and would need to be sanded again.